Neoliberalism, Interventionism, the Resource Curse, and a Fragmenting World
By Patrick Cockburn
We live in an age of disintegration. Nowhere is this more evident
than in the Greater Middle East and Africa. Across the vast swath of
territory between Pakistan and Nigeria, there are at least seven ongoing
wars -- in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Libya, Somalia, and South
Sudan. These conflicts are extraordinarily destructive. They are tearing
apart the countries in which they are taking place in ways that make it
doubtful they will ever recover. Cities like Aleppo in Syria, Ramadi in
Iraq, Taiz in Yemen, and Benghazi in Libya have been partly or entirely
reduced to ruins.
There are also at least three other serious insurgencies: in southeast
Turkey, where Kurdish guerrillas are fighting the Turkish army, in
Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula where a little-reported but ferocious guerrilla
conflict is underway, and in northeast Nigeria and neighboring countries
where Boko Haram continues to launch murderous attacks.
All of these have a number of things in common: they are endless and
seem never to produce definitive winners or losers. (Afghanistan has
effectively been at war since 1979, Somalia since 1991.) They involve
the destruction or dismemberment of unified nations, their de facto
partition amid mass population movements and upheavals -- well
publicized in the case of Syria and Iraq, less so in places like South
Sudan where more than 2.4 million people have been displaced in recent years.
Click here to read more of this dispatch.http://www.tomdispatch.com/post/176158/tomgram%3A_patrick_cockburn%2C_an_endless_cycle_of_indecisive_wars/#more